Breast reduction surgery, or in other words reduction mammoplasty, can be performed for medical reasons as well as aesthetic concerns.
The operation is usually performed for reasons such as sagging due to too large breasts, not looking beautiful, not being symmetrical, not being able to find clothes.
Medical reasons are the elimination of shoulder, neck and back pain due to the size and therefore weight of the breasts, or to prevent hunchback. Prevention of rash, fungus, infection or wound formation under the breast depending on the size of the breasts, elimination of pressure sores caused by bra straps are among the reasons for breast reduction surgery performed for medical reasons.
People with large breasts also face difficulties during daily physical activities. In addition to genetic factors, the lifestyle of the person can also cause the breasts to grow or lose their shape over time. Factors such as being overweight, pregnancy, breastfeeding, hormonal irregularities, certain disorders and age can also cause the breasts to grow or lose their shape. In this respect, breast reduction surgery is performed to eliminate both aesthetic concerns and medical problems. The aim of breast reduction surgery is to obtain breasts of the patient’s desired size, equal size, symmetrical and aesthetic appearance with the least possible scarring.
How is Breast Reduction Surgery Performed?
Breast reduction surgery, which is performed by removing the skin and fat tissue in the breast, is a type of operation applied to people aged 20 and over, when body development is completed. Breast reduction surgery, which requires the completion of physical development as well as hormonal regulation, can only be applied to people under this age if there is a medical necessity. Breast reduction surgery is performed under general anesthesia.
The surgery is completed within 2.5 to 4 hours depending on the size of the breast, using lollipop incision and inverted T incision methods. In determining the method, parameters such as breast size, the position of the nipple according to the breast fold, breast tissue, skin structure, the distance between the nipple and the shoulder and hip are taken into consideration. In the lollipop incision method, the circumference of the nipple is cut circularly and then the breast tissue and excess skin tissue are removed. In the procedure, which is performed taking into account the physical appearance of the person, the nipple can be moved upwards if necessary. The skin is closed, taking care not to damage the milk ducts, and then the surgery is completed by placing a drain in the area to accelerate healing and to expel the blood accumulated in the breast. In the inverted T incision method, an incision is made in the lower part of the breast in the shape of an inverted letter T.
After the excess breast tissue and skin are removed, the operation is terminated as in the lollipop type incision method. After breast reduction surgery, the patient must be hospitalized for one day. The patient is discharged after the drain is removed and the dressing is applied. After the operation, the patient is checked at the end of the 1st and 2nd week. During the 2nd week check-up, the stitches are removed and special creams are used to reduce the scars. Thanks to the special bra, the patient can return to his/her daily life after 1 week of home rest. However, it is recommended to wear a special bra similar to a sports bra for 6 weeks. Mild stinging and tingling may be felt in the breasts for 6 to 12 months after the operation. However, this feeling does not reduce the quality of life.
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Are There Scars After Breast Reduction Surgery?
As with almost all operations, scars may remain on the skin after breast reduction surgery. The shape and size of the scar depends on the technique used during the operation. In the lollipop type of operation, the surgical scar is less. This is because the amount of incision is small and the incision is around the nipple. In other words, the scar between the skin and the nipple is almost imperceptible due to the color difference in this area. In the inverted T type of surgery, the scar is larger. The incision downward from the nipple gains skin color over time and becomes less obvious. The horizontal line at the fold of the breast is not visible unless viewed from the opposite side. The surgical scar also varies depending on how much the breast has sagged or how much reduction is desired.